Monday, February 19, 2007

EXECUTIVE ORDER 9066

Sixty-five years ago Monday, President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066. It led to the incarceration of more than 100,000 people of Japanese ancestry. Most were citizens or legal residents of the United States. Half of the imprisoned were children.

Roosevelt ordered:
Whereas the successful prosecution of the war requires every possible protection against espionage and against sabotage to national-defense material, national-defense premises, and national-defense utilities as defined in Section 4, Act of April 20, 1918, 40 Stat. 533, as amended by the Act of November 30, 1940, 54 Stat. 1220, and the Act of August 21, 1941, 55 Stat. 655 (U.S.C., Title 50, Sec. 104);

Now, therefore, by virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States, and Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, I hereby authorize and direct the Secretary of War, and the Military Commanders whom he may from time to time designate, whenever he or any designated Commander deems such action necessary or desirable, to prescribe military areas in such places and of such extent as he or the appropriate Military Commander may determine, from which any or all persons may be excluded, and with respect to which, the right of any person to enter, remain in, or leave shall be subject to whatever restrictions the Secretary of War or the appropriate Military Commander may impose in his discretion. The Secretary of War is hereby authorized to provide for residents of any such area who are excluded therefrom, such transportation, food, shelter, and other accommodations as may be necessary, in the judgment of the Secretary of War or the said Military Commander, and until other arrangements are made, to accomplish the purpose of this order. The designation of military areas in any region or locality shall supersede designations of prohibited and restricted areas by the Attorney General under the Proclamations of December 7 and 8, 1941, and shall supersede the responsibility and authority of the Attorney General under the said Proclamations in respect of such prohibited and restricted areas.

I hereby further authorize and direct the Secretary of War and the said Military Commanders to take such other steps as he or the appropriate Military Commander may deem advisable to enforce compliance with the restrictions applicable to each Military area hereinabove authorized to be designated, including the use of Federal troops and other Federal Agencies, with authority to accept assistance of state and local agencies.

I hereby further authorize and direct all Executive Departments, independent establishments and other Federal Agencies, to assist the Secretary of War or the said Military Commanders in carrying out this Executive Order, including the furnishing of medical aid, hospitalization, food, clothing, transportation, use of land, shelter, and other supplies, equipment, utilities, facilities, and services.

This order shall not be construed as modifying or limiting in any way the authority heretofore granted under Executive Order No. 8972, dated December 12, 1941, nor shall it be construed as limiting or modifying the duty and responsibility of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, with respect to the investigation of alleged acts of sabotage or the duty and responsibility of the Attorney General and the Department of Justice under the Proclamations of December 7 and 8, 1941, prescribing regulations for the conduct and control of alien enemies, except as such duty and responsibility is superseded by the designation of military areas hereunder.
FDR, perhaps the greatest president in American history, is also one of the worst because of what he did to his fellow Americans. History calls them "internment camps." We prefer Roosevelt's own description of the 10 facilities: concentration camps.

10 comments:

Larry Litle said...

A very sad point in our history. We acted as the enemy was acting.

Sniderman said...

One has to wonder how close we've been to "internment camps" in the last 7 years.

Anyone watching '24' can feel that pull very easily.

Especially with the drumbeat of warring in a new country in the distance.

Anonymous said...

Isnt that the order Emperor Palpatine used to get the clone troopers to wipe out all the Jedis?

wuddog said...

My God that was alot of words!

Anonymous said...

"Anyone watching '24' can feel that pull very easily. "

It's a TV show. Get a grip.


FDR was unquestionably the most destructive president in US history. His administration set many programs and set precedents than began the irreversible decline of the USA.

Anonymous said...

As far as destructive presidents go, FDR's record pales in comparison to that of George W. Bush. By the time you factor in the damage he has done to the environment, global affairs, the Constitution and the rule of law, the raping of public lands for private industrial interests, and then add the 3,100+ US casualties, tens of thousands of disabled vets he's created, tens of thousands more innocent civilians killed, and trillions of dollars in debt that our grandchildren can't even hope to pay off, I think he wins the prize.

Anonymous said...

Anyone interested in further reading about the Japanese internment during WWII should check out Davide Neiwert's book Strawberry Days.

There's a lot of good first-hand information in the book including interviews with former internees, what life was like in the camps, and the struggles they went through.

And anon @8:21 (bobicus tomaticus) Roosevelt did save the country from decades of unfettered Republican rule just as it will probably take another Democrat to save the country from the current bunch of Republicans.

Anonymous said...

FDR jailed thousands of US citizens because of their race. He failed to prevent Pewarl Harbor. His economic policies to "save" the economy damned nearly sank the US permanently. There were more US soldiers and collateral killed in individual battles fought under FDRs regime than in the entire Iraq war.

Get some perspective, and some knowledge of history. Go back to school if necessary.

Anonymous said...

George W. Bush has jailed thousands of US citizens because of their race. He failed to prevent the 9/11 attacks. His economic policies to "save" the economy and his foreign policy decisions to "save" Iraq from Saddam Hussein have successfully erased a budget surplus and mired us in debt from which we may never recover. He's still surging ahead with his stupidity, hell bent on eclipsing the death and destruction caused by World War II, if not by his actions in the Middle East then by his inactions toward global environmental issues that make all other concerns moot.

I suggest YOU get some perspective, anon 3:54, and try going to school for the first time. You obviously missed the bus.

Anonymous said...

Get some perspective, and some knowledge of history. Go back to school if necessary.

Don't worry, Bob, I'm within a year of having my second college degree.

After examining your sentence structure, misspellings, and general lack of understanding - of anything - maybe you should follow suit.